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Henry Clay Furnace RH Side of Furnace Rear of Furnace
Henry Clay Furnace RH Side of Furnace Rear of Furnace

Description


The furnace is in good condition with some minimal damage. The front tuyere has become cracked and has fallen slightly but the stonework remains locked in place. There is a large separation running up along the RH side of the front face but the stonework remains in good condition. The cupola appears to have been removed from the stack.

Slag is evident throughout the site and the wagon trail above the furnace. I was not able to locate a specific slag pile in the area.

No additional structures or ruins were identified in the area. The area to the RH side has a depression indicating that the nearby creek was utilized to drive a bellows system. There are two openings at the rear of the stack that are common to this type of structure and were probably utilized for blast entry.

First Visited: 1Q-2007

History

Start of Operation: 1836

Blowout: 1847

Daily Tonnage: 4 tons

Built By: Leonard Lamb for Tassey & Bissel

Stack: ?

Blast: Cold

Type: Charcoal

Henry Clay Furnace was built between 1834 and 1836 by Leonard Lamb for Tassey & Bissel. The furnace was sold to the Ellicott's in 1839 and they built a tramway to move ore, rather than float the pigs down the nearby Cheat River.

J.P. Lesley reported (1859) that the furnace was owned by the Laurel Iron Company and was managed by Duncan J. Perry. The furnace had been out of operation for nearly twelve years. Lesley reported that the furnace was connected to a forge and rolling mill by "a railroad of an easy grade".

Directions

Located in Cooper's Rock State Forest just east of Morgantown, West Virginia.

GPS - N39 38.932 W79 49.074 @1673 feet

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